A woman’s body undergoes different changes during pregnancy and after childbirth. Sadly, mums do not know how to pass this message to the girl-child.
It is normal to feel some pain and discomfort after childbirth.
Some illnesses that come with childbirth are temporary and heal after some time, while others may stay permanent.
This is why it is important to have a thorough check on the body after childbirth to quickly treat health conditions as a result of childbirth.
Here are some likely health conditions that come with childbirth:
Giving birth can result in skin tears or C-section incisions that need stitches.
Your doctor will explain how to care for these wounds. But even if you are careful, a wound may become infected.
When detected and treated early, infections can be cured with antibiotics.
If left untreated, infections can get worse quickly and become life-threatening.
Get emergency care if you have:
- Chills with clammy or sweaty skin
- Discharge at the wound site
- Extreme or increasing pain
- Fast breathing or heart rate
- Fever of 100.4 F or higher
- Redness at the wound site
- The wound site is warm to the touch.
Most women will have some vaginal bleeding for two to six weeks after giving birth. This can happen even if you have a caesarean section (C-section).
Bleeding may be a little heavier than a period at first and may include small clumps (clots). Normal bleeding should slow down a bit each day.
You will notice more cramping when you breastfeed and may have more bleeding with breastfeeding, but that is good.
Breastfeeding causes your body to release hormones that make your uterus get smaller and contract, which is good.
You will also eventually restart your period. If your bleeding stops completely and then begins again around or after 6 weeks postpartum, it may just be your first period.
Bleeding too much is called postpartum haemorrhage (PPH).
Heavy bleeding can be caused by pieces of the placenta that weren’t delivered, infection, or poor contracting of the uterus after birth.
PPH is a medical emergency that can cause serious illness or death without emergency care.
Get emergency care if you have bleeding that
- Fills more than a pad every hour.
- Does not slow down after three to four days.
- Slows down, then gets heavier or turns bright red soon after delivery.
- Is combined with pain or cramping that is severe.
During pregnancy, the body produces hormones that support the growing baby and cause fluid retention.
This extra fluid changes your eyes in ways that may result in blurry vision.
In most cases, these changes are temporary and go back to normal after the baby is born. However, in some cases, the changes can be permanent.
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It’s important to always let your doctor know if you experience sudden blurry vision or other vision changes during treatment to rule out potential complications.
Loss Of Hair
Hair loss during pregnancy, while not especially common, is normal, especially when related to hormone changes or certain health conditions.
Hair growth should resume with time or with treatment for the underlying cause.
Hair shedding after pregnancy peaks around four months postpartum.
The good news is that you’re likely to regain your normal growth within six to nine months.
If your hair loss continues or you notice other symptoms, consider contacting your doctor to see if there’s another possible cause for hair loss, like alopecia areata or androgenic alopecia.
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure after giving birth is called postpartum preeclampsia.
Most cases occur within 48 hours of delivery, but high blood pressure can develop up to six weeks after giving birth.
Postpartum preeclampsia is a medical emergency.
If left untreated, it can cause seizures, organ damage (including the kidneys and liver), and death.
Other health-related issues after childbirth may include:
- Decreased urination
- High blood pressure (140/90 mm Hg or higher)
- Pain in the upper right belly or shoulder
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- Severe headaches
- Sudden weight gain
- Swelling in the legs, hands, or face
- Trouble breathing
- Vision changes (flashes of light in your vision or lasting dark spots)
See your doctor if you notice any changes in your body and get the required treatment as soon as you can to prevent further conditions.
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